Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) ... Characteristics: The dark yellow-green leaves are composed of 5-7 ovate, toothed leaflets. Carya tomentosa is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a medium rate. It is one of several candidates for being the best meat-smoking hickory (Smith 1990). The stem is covered with resinous, pungent hairs and is aromatic when cut or bruised. A relative youngster planted at Howick Hall, Northumberland in 1988, from WAHO 99 has established well (9 m × 18 cm in 2019), showing both that the species can thrive in the north and that new introductions continue to be made. Mockernut hickory is a large tree with a narrow to broadly rounded crown and stout, ascending branches. Leaflets range from 3-7 inches long and 1-3 … Identifying Features Bark The bark is dark gray with an often diamond-shaped pattern of ridges. Contains 1 light brown oval slightly compressed nut with a thick shell and edible seeds. The compound leaves are 8-14 inches long, alternate, medium yellow-green, odd-pinnate. It has both male and female flowers that are non-showy. Like other true hickories, Carya tomentosa yields a valuable, strong timber used in tool handles, furniture and as firewood. Wetland Status. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Mockernut Hickory. Margins finely to coarsely serrate, apex acute to  acuminate; lateral petiolules 0–0.2 cm long, terminal petiolules 0.2–1.3 cm long ; petiole and rachis hirsute with large and small peltate scales; petiole 3–12 cm long. The Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) is distinctive among hickory trees (Carya spp.) NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa) is a tall, short-limbed tree with a narrow crown and upright branches. Juglandaceae -- Walnut family. Image Julian Sutton. It is found in the eastern United States from southern Maine west through southern Michigan and northern Illinois to eastern Nebraska, and south to northern Florida in the east and to eastern Texas in the west. It is commonly found in association with other hickories, many oaks, sweetgum, yellow-poplar, and black locust. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Carya tomentosa, (mockernut hickory, mockernut, white hickory, whiteheart hickory, hognut, bullnut) is a tree in the Juglandaceae or walnut family. The terminal and stem buds are large at 1/2-3/4 inch, ovoid, with brown scales with hairs giving it the common name of Big-bud Hickory. Noteworthy Characteristics. Lance 2004). Mockernut trees have compound pinnate yellowish-green leaves… When … Interpreting Wetland Status. Mockernut Hickory is a large deciduous tree that is native to eastern and central USA and can be found in all areas of NC. Image Joe Sutton. The leaves, with seven to nine leaflets, are particularly strongly fragrant. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces … In C. tomentosa they have imbricate scales; the outer scales tend to fall away in winter revealing the buff, silkily hairy inner scales (Grauke 2003). Carya tomentosa: Mockernut Hickory is common … Whiteheart rot, anthracnose, leaf blotch, powdery mildew, leaf spot, cankers, catlin blight, crown gall, and scab are occasional diseases. Like Carya laciniosa, the species has large winter buds, but its bark does not exfoliate. Fire in the landscape. To contact the editors: Several larger specimens are recorded in Germany, including one at the Botanischer Garten Bonn, planted about 1840 and 32 m tall by 2014 ( 2019). Heat and drought tolerant. Distribution  United States Eastern states from New York and southeastern Iowa south to Florida and eastern Texas. – mockernut hickory Subordinate Taxa. A deep taproot makes it difficult to transplant. Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) Mockernut hickory trees have thin gray bark with deep narrow furrows. The tree takes 25 years before producing the edible nut but can continue producing for 200 years. 2014), there are a number of large, older specimens including several at Westonbirt, Gloucestershire and a good straight tree in the University Parks, Oxford, measured at 26 m × 56 cm in 2014 (The Tree Register 2019). It is in leaf from June to November, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Leaves are aromatic when bruised. Image Julian Sutton. Leaves are alternate, feather-compound, 8–15 inches long, with 5–9 (usually 7) leaflets; leaflets 3–7 … Bases are cuneate to … Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Image Julian Sutton. Twigs are gray to grayish brown and stout. Mockernut Hickory ( Carya tomentosa ). Persistent leaf rachises helped the photographer locate this specimen of Carya tomentosa in suburban Portland, OR (November 2019). A broad-crowned, 18 m tall specimen in suburban Portland, Oregon, may be the only example in that city, which is blessed with many good street trees (Portland Parks & Recreation 2019). Male catkins to 14 cm long, hirsute, scaly. Provide cavities for woodpeckers, black ratsnake, raccoons, and carolina chickadees. Image Julian Sutton. Carya tomentosa: immature fruit (Westonbirt, September). The species name, tomentosa (Latin for hairy) is a reference to the hairy leaves. The nuts are not bitter yet are rarely eaten by humans, perhaps because the shell is very thick, even by the standards of hickories. Mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa), also called mockernut, white hickory, whiteheart hickory, … The lower leaf surface is densely pubescent and glandular. Carya tomentosa EUSA 25, from North Carolina in 1998, growing sulkily but colouring reliably at the Yorkshire Arboretum (October 2020). The nuts are eaten by squirrels, chipmunks and black bears. Fruit is consumed by wood ducks, red-bellied woodpeckers, red fox, squirrels, beaver, eastern cottontail, eastern chipmunk, turkey, white-tailed deer, wild turkey, and white-footed mice. Nutt. Accessed 2020-12-04. Larval host for many moths including; luna moth (Actias luna), hickory leafroller moth (Argyrotaenia juglandana), royal walnut moth (Citheronia regalis), and walnut sphinx (Amorpha juglandis.Native … 4-segmented husks are 1.5-3 inches wide and are green maturing to yellow then brown. Despite this, one cultivar – ‘Droska’ – was named in 1929 (Grauke 2003). Leaves deciduous, imparipinnate, 20–30 cm long (up to 50 cm on vigorous, young trees); leaflets (5–)7–9, ovate to elliptic or obovate, 4–19 × 2–8 cm, upper surface hirsute along midrib and primary veins, puberulent with armed hairs and scales at first. H. Clay Smith. Like Carya laciniosa, the species has large winter buds, but its bark does not exfoliate. The notably tomentose leaflets, rachis and branchlets are characteristic and are the origin of the specific epithet. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Use this tree in a park, large yard for shade or naturalized areas. Fruits reddish-brown, 3–4 × 2–3 cm, obovoid to globose, not compressed or compressed, splitting to the middle or nearly to base; nuts finely wrinkled (Stone & Whittemore 1997; Whittemore 2013). Carya tomentosa: underside of leaf (September). Nuts are edible by humans but shells are hard to crack, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa), also called mockernut, white hickory, whiteheart hickory, hognut, and bullnut, is the most abundant of the hickories. The bark rather resembles C. cordiformis, but the terminal buds are of a quite different type. The female flowers are on short spikes with a feathery reddish stigmata being exerted from the green calyx. Carya tomentosa, Mockernut Hickory, White Hickory. Beyond its native range, Mockernut is rarely seen in North America although it can clearly thrive in the Pacific Northwest. & Crowley, D. (2020), 'Carya tomentosa' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( Hickory trees are easily identified as hickory, but … The globular to oval fruits are about 1 1/4 inches in diameter, with thick … Leaves are 8 to 15 inches long with five to seven leaflets. Each has 5-7 finely-toothed, broadly lance-shaped, pointed leaflets. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. Like all trees in the walnut family, water hickory has alternate, pinnately-compound leaves composed of narrow leaflets. They have 5 to 7 toothed ovate-lanceolate leaflets that are 3-6 inches long by 1-2 inches wide. The most abundant … Image John Grimshaw. It also supports Hickory Horndevil (Citheronia regalis) which have one brood and appear from May to mid-September. Image MC DE LAUBARÈDE. Adult Hickory Horndevil moths do not feed. Pignut Hickory (Carya … Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, … Young shoots are light green, light brown, or brown, densely pubescent. Key to Carya in North Carolina 1. NC Cooperative Extension and NHC Arboretum. Carya tomentosa: leaf (September, Westonbirt). 9-20 inch long compound leaves are alternate, odd-pinnate and dark yellowish-green. It is fairly slow growing and will reach heights of  50 to 80 feet tall or more. Blooms from April to May. It is found quite generally in the eastern part of the United States as far west as Kansas and … Leaves Mockernut hickory has yellow-green leaves … It does best in full sun in rich moist soil with lots of room to grow. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Image Charles Snyers. Carya tomentosa leaf margin: a strongly toothed example (September). The bark of both young and old trees exhibit smooth, rounded interlacing ridges with shallow furrows. The wood is mostly white except for the small heartwood, hence the common name. Displays in October. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Image Julian Sutton. currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Specimen labelled Carya tomentosa Lime Close Oxfordshire September 2019. The bark of branches is gray and smooth. They have 5 to 7 toothed ovate-lanceolate leaflets that are 3-6 inches long by 1-2 inches wide. The leaves turn an attractive yellow in fall. 9-20 inch long compound leaves are alternate, odd-pinnate and dark yellowish-green. Undersides have orange-brown hairs. The lower side of the leaf and the leaf stalk are both hairy. Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 9 to 14 inches long, with 7 to 9 serrate, lanceolate to obovate-lanceolate leaflets, rachis is stout and very pubescent, green above and paler below. The ambiguous name Carya alba is still occasionally seen (i.e. There are currently no active references in this article. Those Hickory leaves may … The species is … Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. It is a strong, straight trunk tree and the wood is used to make various items and for firewood. The male flowers are drooping greenish-yellow catkins up to 6" long. Bark dark grey, fissured or ridged, not exfoliating. Carya tomentosa , Mockernut hickory , mockernut , white hickory , whiteheart hickory , hognut , bullnut is a tree in the … Call us at 1 315 4971058. Carya tomentosa: buds (September, Westonbirt). More Accounts and Images; ARS … The crown is rounded and dense. Image Julian Sutton. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Generally no serious problems. Potential insects are: hickory bark beetle, pecan weevil, borers and twig girdler. Terminal buds elongate, flattened in cross-section, with 4-6 valvate scales; leaves with 7-13 (-19) leaflets, these symmetrical to strongly falcate; fruit sutures narrowly … Carya tomentosa (Lam.) The notably tomentose leaflets, rachis and branchlets are characteristic and are the origin of the specific epithet. Carya tomentosa: bark of mature specimen (Westonbirt). Kindly sponsored bya member of the International Dendrology Society. Birds and rodents, especially squirrels, take the nuts, increasing the range of dispersal (Smith 1990). There is no good reason to continue using the name for either species (Stone & Whittemore 1997) and few do. Shagbark (Carya ovata), Mockernut (C. tomentosa) and Bitternut (C. cordiformis) are the Hickories I encounter most often. A most handsome tree at its best, it tends to produce the narrow crown typical of hickories even when given space, although broadly rounded crowns are known (Dirr 2009). Carya tomentosa, commonly called mockernut hickory, is a medium to large, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown that typically grows 60-80’ (less frequently to … Branchlets reddish-brown, stout, hairy and scaly. Image Julian Sutton. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. leaves with petiole and rachis sparsely pubescent to nearly glabrous, the leaflets acuminate at the apex, pubescent with both simple and compound hairs, and exterior of fruit minutely hirsute (vs. C. … Bases are cuneate to rounded and tips are tapered and acute. Almost all these older trees are in southern England. This plant has no children Legal Status. The leaves… Image Charles Snyers. N.C. Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) Mockernut Hickory has leaves with 7 to 9 leaflets that are pubescent on the undersides. Nutt. Each leaf is 3-6 inches long, arranged in an odd-pinnate formation (leaflets attached in pairs along a stem with one on top). Related Links. because of the hairiness of its foliage, especially the young shoots, petioles, and rachises of the compound leaves. Carya tomentosa, Starhill Forest Arboretum, Petersburg, IL., Oct. 2004. SPECIES: Carya tomentosa GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Mockernut hickory is a medium-to-large native, deciduous tree, typically reaching a height of 65 to 100 feet (20-30 m) [ 10 , 12 ]. Mockernuts grow to between 60 and 80 ft. (18 – 24 m), have a rounded crown, and produce nuts that are difficult to crack. Terminal bud 0.5–1 cm long, tan (after early loss of outer scales). In the trees’ scientific name, Carya tomentosa, Carya is a greek word for nut and tomentosa is a Latin word for hairy (referring to the stems and leaves). Alternate, compound leaves with 7 to 9 leaflets, with the terminal leaf being the largest. It is long lived, sometimes reaching … Habitat Well-drained sandy soils, rolling hills and rocky hillsides, occasionally on limestone outcrops; 0-900 m. A true hickory, the Mockernut is the commonest species in Virginia and North Carolina, although it tends to grow larger east of the Appalachians. Carya tomentosa: dead male catkins (Westonbirt, September). Long-lived in the wild, 500 year old trees have been recorded (Smith 1990). Deer. Like other members of the Juglandaceae, the scent is strongest when leaves are rubbed but Bean (1976) notes that on dewy, summer mornings it can be detected from some distance away. Bark is … The hairy leaves usually have 7 leaflets and are very spicily fragrant. The globular to oval fruits are about 1 1/4 inches in diameter, with thick husks and a 4-ribbed nut. It gives good yellow to yellow-brown autumn colours but is rarely cultivated in North America (Jacobson 1996) and ‘too much neglected’ in the United Kingdom (Bean 1976). Carya tomentosa and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) Mockernut is one of our most common and familiar hickories. Carya ovata: leaves with mostly 5 leaflets, the margins of the leaflets with tufts of minute cilia borne along and just below the summit of the marginal teeth (vs. C. glabra, with leaves with mostly 5-9 leaflets, the margins of the leaflets without cilia or with few cilia not arranged in tufts). Carya tomentosa (Poir.) This tree is adaptable to both sandy and clay loam with good drainage and is drought tolerant once established. Introduced to the United Kingdom in 1766 (Armitage et al. Recommended citationSutton, J. Lower surface hirsute with 2–8-armed hairs, and with many large and small round peltate scales. To understand the family characteristics, compare it to black walnut ( Juglans nigra ) , mockernut hickory ( Carya tomentosa ) , pecan ( Carya illinoinensis ) , and pignut hickory ( Carya … The tight bark has flat to rounded, interlaced ridges. Large tree to 36 m in the wild. This name is based on Juglans alba L., whose protologue ultimately refers to specimens of what are now recognised as two quite distinct species, C. tomentosa and C. ovata. Carya tomentosa, Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois, Oct. 2004. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Only 1 terminal bud, larger than side buds. Mockernut / Carya tomentosa. The mockernut hickory is abundant in mixed hardwood forests on dry upland slopes. Leaves are medium to yellow green in summer, changing to … Mockernut shares the hickory trait of slow establishment (Smith 1990), and the usual difficulties around transplanting these tap-rooted trees apply. Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) Mockernut Hickory has leaves with 7 to 9 leaflets that are pubescent on the undersides. In the fall, leaves … form and leaf in spring Brunswick Nature Park, Used as lumber, pulpwood, charcoal, fuelwood, veneer, ladder rungs, athletic goods, agricultural implements, dowels, gymnasium apparatus, poles, shafts, well pumps, furniture, pallets, blocking, AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV, The Mockernut hickory is a host plant for Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus) caterpillars which have one flight from June-August everywhere but Florida where they emerge April-May and many moths including the Luna moth.  This is a larval host plant for butterflies and moths.